Pulau Tidung is located relatively close to the capital city of Jakarta, that you wouldn’t have to spend unnecessary time and money just trying to get there. For Jakarta-dwellers looking for a simple and affordable weekend getaway – hop on a boat and see if Pulau Tidung isn’t exactly what you’re looking for. Tidung offers secluded beaches, starry nights and an amiable community, just a stone’s throw away from the capital. And unlike Puncak or Bandung, you won’t have to battle with the traffic either.
Pulau Tidung is the largest and one of the most populous islands in the Thousand Islands district. The Thousand Islands are a chain of small islands that stretch about 45 kilometres into the Java Sea, the closest being barely a few kilometres off the north coast of Jakarta. Contrary to its name, the Thousand Islands in reality are made up of only 110 islands, and form Jakarta’s only regency. This also makes Jakarta the only capital city in the world that consists of over a hundred islands!
In 2002, the entire area of land and sea was designated by the Ministry of Agriculture as the Marine National Park. Two of these islands prohibit public access and are used for the conservation of sea turtles. The Thousand Island district houses over 300 reef platforms and 700 individual reefs. According to a decree, 36 of the islands may be used for tourism and recreation, but only thirteen of which have until now been developed. The rest are either privately owned or uninhabited.
Pulau Tidung itself is divided into two islands. Pulau Tidung Besar ( Greater Tidung Island ) and Pulau Tidung Kecil ( Smaller Tidung Island ).
Tidung Island is only about 200-meter wide and 5-kilometre long, and is home to about 4,000 inhabitants. The slim width of the land gives Tidung an interestingly unique shape. A sliver of an island, split by a single, small road; nothing to your left or right but beautiful stretches of sandy, white beaches and clear blue waters surrounding the entire coast of the island. Tidung waters are quite shallow, and almost over grown with coral reefs thriving just inches below the surface of the water. The reefs are in excellent condition and are teeming with a colourful collection of tropical fish and exotic sea creatures. If you stop to think about it, it’s almost unbelievable considering Tidung is barely 30 kilometers off the Java mainland, and is technically part of Jakarta!
Tidung is not as developed as some of the other islands in the district, meaning that it is less commercial and noticeably cheaper. Tourism on Tidung island prides itself in being extremely community-based and is operated solely by the locals of the island, giving it a more down-to-earth and laid-back atmosphere. Accommodations on Tidung are in fact people’s homes that have been decorated and air-conditioned and transformed into a sort of homestay, suitable to accommodate the island’s visitors. While very simple, rooms are clean, comfortable, and a pleasant break from Tidung’s more pricey counterparts.
The smaller Tidung Island is for the most part, a breeding area for mangroves. The mangroves are planted once a year, and in time are destined to be part of a “mangrove tour.” Although small, Tidung Kecil proudly exhibits its own display of magnificent, deserted beaches coupled with lush vegetation and exotic flora. Tidung Kecil can still be explored by foot or wheel, though much of the path is overgrown with shrubs and greenery. For the more adventurous visitors, Tidung Kecil has also been used for camping since the building of the bridge.
There are several theories as to where Pulau Tidung got its name. The Indonesian word, tidung means shelter. In the past, the island was often used as a place of refuge from pirates, which is one of the possible origins of its name. An old history book, published in the 1960s or 1970s tells of a time when the Portuguese invaded Malacca.
Prince Fatahillah used the islands of Jakarta Bay as the base for his strategy, one of which was Tidung island. The island’s name is also associated with the Tidung-Tidung Tribe, of the ancient Kingdom of Tarakan in East Kalimantan. After suffering a defeat in battle, the Commander of the Tarakan tribe and his family were exiled to the Thousand Islands region, to the island now known as Pulau Tidung. According to local residents, Tidung has been inhabited since around 1920.
In 1986, electricity first came to the island and Tidung began to advance. The majority of the population had made their livelihood as fishermen, but soon began to progress into cultivation of natural resources and working towards preserving the environment. The island later evolved again towards the development of tourism. Today, Pulau Tidung is the center of the South Thousand Islands sub-district, and is in charge of three other island settlements in the area.